126 Some basic concepts about the chemistry of water - explained in very simple terms - and is intended for curious minds who wish to better understand the science behind water ionization at the molecular level. The structure of atoms and molecules. An atom consists of positively charged protons, electrically neutral neutrons and negatively charged electrons. At the centre of the atom, neutrons and protons stay together to form the atom's core or nucleus. Electrons revolve around the atom's core in three-dimensional orbits or shells. Each of these molecular orbits needs a certain number of electrons to be stable. The inner orbit closest to the core must contain 2 electrons to be stable. The second orbit must contain 8 electrons to be stable. Each subsequent orbit, for atoms that contain more than 10 protons and electrons, also requires a pre-defined number of electrons to be stable. But apart from inert gases such as helium, neon and argon, the outermost orbit of most atoms is missing one or more electrons to be stable. In order to reach a state of stability, atoms bond together to form molecules by sharing their valence electrons, or electrons that make up the outermost shell.
sharing can be achieved through covalent bonding as described below. Covalent bonding of a water molecule Covalent bonding is a form of chemical bonding between two non-metallic atoms, such as hydrogen and oxygen, which is characterized by the sharing of pairs of electrons between two or more atoms. For stabilization, they share their valence electrons with other atoms. A water molecule is an example of a molecule created through covalent bonding. Water is made up of one oxygen atom and 2 hydrogen atoms, hence the chemical symbol H2O. A hydrogen atom is made up of 1 proton at its core and 1 electron that revolves around the core in a three-dimensional orbit. An oxygen atom is made up of 8 protons and 8 neutrons at its core and 8 electrons that revolve around the core in 2 separate three-dimensional orbits. The inner orbit contains 2 electrons whereas the outer orbit contains 6 electrons. However, both the hydrogen atom and the oxygen atom are not stable when they are alone. In order to be stable, the hydrogen atom must contain 2 electrons in its shell, and the oxygen atom must contain 8 electrons in its outer shell.
124 Water ionizers have been used in Japan and other parts of Asia for over 40 years and are certified by the Korean and Japanese Ministries of Health as an approved medical device. Ionized water has helped millions of people fight disease, including arthritis, digestive problems, inflammatory conditions, skin disorders, weight problems, diabetes, cancer, acid reflux, gout, fatigue, allergies, and chronic pain. Alkaline water has many health benefits. Most importantly alkaline water: Restores the body's pH balance, Acts as a powerful antioxidant, Improves cellular hydration. Alkaline water restores the body's pH balance. Do you often feel tired or lethargic? Do you suffer from frequent colds, infections, illnesses, or joint pain? Do your nails, skin, and hair look and feel unhealthy? If so, then your body may be too acidic! What you eat, drink, put on your skin, the quality of the air you breathe, the exercise you do and even the thoughts you think can all contribute to make your body acidic. Most people are too acidic, and that drains their energy and causes illness and disease without them realising that's the cause. Alkaline water acts as a powerful
antioxidant. Alkaline ionized water is a strong source of anti-oxidants since it contains an abundance of free electrons which can be donated to the body in order to neutralize free radicals. But what exactly is oxidation? Think of what happens to a slice of apple left out on the counter for a few hours: it turns brown due to exposure to unstable oxygen molecules in the air. Inside our bodies, our cells are also continuously subjected to oxidation due to the presence of oxygen free radicals, which are unstable molecules desperately seeking electrons for stability. Free radicals have been scientifically proven to cause cellular and DNA damage that contribute to aging and can lead to the onset of various diseases. Alkaline water super-hydrates the body. Water molecules come in clusters rather than single molecules. Tap water which is under pressure has very large clusters of 12-16 molecules. The ionization process breaks the electrical bonding of water molecules and restructures the water down to about 5-8 molecules per cluster. This smaller cluster size means that the water can be more easily absorbed into the cells, thereby providing superior hydration for the body and helping to dissolve and flush out acidic solid waste and toxins that have accumulated in the body.