125 How does an ionizer work? A water ionizer is a small kitchen appliance that separates tap water into two separate streams - one alkaline and one acidic - through a process called electrolysis. Ionizers can either be installed on the counter next to the kitchen sink or under the counter with only a special faucet visible above the counter. Ionization breaks the bond between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms of a water molecule [H2O] and produces alkaline water full of hydroxyl ions [OH-] and and acid water full of hydrogen ions [H+]. What are pH and ORP? The pH scale measures how acidic or alkaline a substance is. It ranges from 0 to 14. A pH of 7 is neutral, a pH less than 7 is acidic, and a pH greater than 7 is
(or basic). ORP, or oxidation reduction potential, measures a substance's ability to oxidize or reduce molecules around it, or in other words, it's potential to steal or donate electrons. pH and ORP are key concepts to understand ionization and the important health benefits of alkaline ionized water. Water, the chemistry of life. Water is essential for life. No living being on planet Earth can survive without it. In fact, about 70 to 90 percent of all organic matter is composed of water. Water not only provides the medium to make life sustaining chemical reactions possible, but water itself is often an important reactant or product of these reactions. In short, the chemistry of life is water chemistry. This section provides some basic concepts that help to understand the chemistry of water and the science behind water ionization at the molecular level.
California continues to suffer through a fourth year of water shortages, bordered by the largest body of water on earth. The crisis has encouraged residents to once again wonder if the Pacific Ocean is the answer to the state's water woes. Some are pushing for additional desalination plants like those used in water-starved Israel and Australia to convert ocean water into unlimited fresh water. Coastal Santa Barbara turned to desalination during a devastating five-year drought in the late 1980s, but by the time a new plant was ready for operation in 1992, heavy rains had returned. The $35 million facility ran for a few weeks before being shuttered. That's because the desalination process is not only potentially harmful to marine life, but removing salt by pushing salt water through membranes takes far more energy than simply pulling fresh water from inland sources. All that energy use is not only counter to the state's push for lower emissions, but it only seems economical during the worst of a drought. As Santa Barbara reactivates the plant this summer, water bills in the area are expected to increase by 40 percent.
Since California will be using desalination, they will need an Alkaline Water Machine to return the minerals to their water
Compared to local freshwater sources, desalination is certainly energy expensive. But it's only slightly more costly than other options available during drought conditions. That's why Santa Barbara is spending another $40 million to reopen its plant, and why 17 others are in the works along the state's coast. In Carlsbad, California, Poseidon Water is opening a $1 billion plant that will be the largest in the U.S. when it is completed in the fall. In a recent Wall Street Journal article, CEO Carlos Riva defended desalination plants against those that worry that they represent a step backward in the state's efforts to reduce carbon emissions, pointing out that the plant will "use less energy than one of the data center that are being built, and nobody claims that they are somehow immoral." According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, data centers are expected to consume 140 billion kilowatt hours of electricity a year by 2020—the output of 34 large coal power plants. According to the Pacific Institute, the Carlsbad plant will take 750 megawatt hours per day, so more than 500 equivalent plants would have to be constructed to match the energy cost of our Facebook and Google habits... 324