127 To reach this state of stability, both hydrogen and oxygen atoms create covalent bonds with each other, as illustrated in the diagram on the right. In a water molecule, two hydrogen atoms are covalently bonded to the oxygen atom. But because the oxygen atom is larger than the hydrogen atom, its attraction for the hydrogen's electrons is correspondingly greater so the electrons are drawn closer in to the orbit of the larger oxygen atom and away from the hydrogen orbits. This means that although the water molecule as a whole is stable, the greater mass of the oxygen nucleus tends to draw in all the electrons in the molecule including the shared hydrogen electrons giving the oxygen portion of the molecule a slight electronegative charge. The orbits of the hydrogen atoms, because their electrons are closer to the oxygen, take on a small electropositive charge. This means water molecules have a tendency to form weak bonds with other water molecules because the oxygen end of the molecule is negative and the hydrogen ends are positive. A hydrogen atom, while remaining covalently bonded to the oxygen of its own molecule, can form a weak bond with the oxygen of another molecule. Similarly, the oxygen end of a molecule can form a weak attachment with the hydrogen ends of other molecules. Because water molecules have this polarity, water is a continuous chemical entity. These weak bonds play a crucial role in stabilizing the shape of many of the large molecules found in living matter. Because these bonds are weak,
they are readily broken and re-formed during normal physiological reactions. The disassembly and re-arrangement of such weak bonds is in essence the chemistry of life. Water is a universal solvent due to the marked polarity of water molecules and their tendency to form hydrogen bonds with other molecules. To illustrate water's ability to break down other substances, consider the simple example of putting a small amount of table salt in a glass of water. Table salt, also known by its chemical name sodium chloride [NaCl], is an example of an ionic compound, which means that one of the atoms involved stole a valence electron from the other. In this case, the chlorine atom [Cl], stole an electron from the sodium atom [Na], resulting in the creation of an electronegative chloride ion [Cl-] and an electropositive sodium ion [Na+]. The two ions are bonded together because of the attraction of opposite charges. better understand ionic bonds After salt is placed in water, the ionic bond between the sodium and chloride ions is broken due to the competitive action of the water molecules that outnumber the salt molecules. The electronegative oxygen pole of the water molecule is attracted to the positively charged sodium ions [Na+], and the electropositive hydrogen pole of the water molecule is attracted to the negatively charged chloride ions [Cl-]. As with the example of table salt, water has the ability to dissolve many unwanted substances that have accumulated in our bodies over time, such as solid waste and toxins, and to flush them away through the body's natural elimination channels such as lungs, colon, kidneys, liver, and skin.
124 Water ionizers have been used in Japan and other parts of Asia for over 40 years and are certified by the Korean and Japanese Ministries of Health as an approved medical device. Ionized water has helped millions of people fight disease, including arthritis, digestive problems, inflammatory conditions, skin disorders, weight problems, diabetes, cancer, acid reflux, gout, fatigue, allergies, and chronic pain. Alkaline water has many health benefits. Most importantly alkaline water: Restores the body's pH balance, Acts as a powerful antioxidant, Improves cellular hydration. Alkaline water restores the body's pH balance. Do you often feel tired or lethargic? Do you suffer from frequent colds, infections, illnesses, or joint pain? Do your nails, skin, and hair look and feel unhealthy? If so, then your body may be too acidic! What you eat, drink, put on your skin, the quality of the air you breathe, the exercise you do and even the thoughts you think can all contribute to make your body acidic. Most people are too acidic, and that drains their energy and causes illness and disease without them realising that's the cause. Alkaline water acts as a powerful
antioxidant. Alkaline ionized water is a strong source of anti-oxidants since it contains an abundance of free electrons which can be donated to the body in order to neutralize free radicals. But what exactly is oxidation? Think of what happens to a slice of apple left out on the counter for a few hours: it turns brown due to exposure to unstable oxygen molecules in the air. Inside our bodies, our cells are also continuously subjected to oxidation due to the presence of oxygen free radicals, which are unstable molecules desperately seeking electrons for stability. Free radicals have been scientifically proven to cause cellular and DNA damage that contribute to aging and can lead to the onset of various diseases. Alkaline water super-hydrates the body. Water molecules come in clusters rather than single molecules. Tap water which is under pressure has very large clusters of 12-16 molecules. The ionization process breaks the electrical bonding of water molecules and restructures the water down to about 5-8 molecules per cluster. This smaller cluster size means that the water can be more easily absorbed into the cells, thereby providing superior hydration for the body and helping to dissolve and flush out acidic solid waste and toxins that have accumulated in the body.